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Migrations and Borders in the United States : Discourses, Representations, Imaginary Contexts

September 2018



Résumé :

Edited by Susanne Berthier-Foglar and Paul Otto

The history of the borders and migrations of the United States is a very recent chapter of world history. The present volume discusses an extensive typology of borders : nineteenth century international borders crossed by American citizens settling Mexican territory, or crossed by Europeans settling the United States and becoming American in the process. As a counterpoint, several papers deal with the more recent crossing of the Southern border of the United States with a view from the ground giving a voice to the coyotes enabling the passage into the United States, or with a view on the technology and discourse used to block access from the South. The unfiltered narrative of—and by—recent immigrants, both legal and illegal, trying to reconstruct their lives in the United States is discussed in the interview of filmmaker Yehuda Sharim who presents his own reasons for giving them a voice.
Not all borders are physical lines on the map ; some are conceptual and are crossed when moving into another culture or into another space. They are linked to the notion of cultural mobility, evidenced when a group adopts cultural traits from another group. Hence, partial assimilation of migrants into the culture of the host country is also a situation of cultural mobility, and of micro-borders surrounding subcultures or ethnic enclaves. These non-international and often invisible borders will be analyzed in the context of Arab-American fiction, in the racialized context of African-Americans confronted with—and interacting with—white Arizonians, Mexicans and Indians on the Southern border of Arizona, and in a discussion of the theoretical framework of “decolonial” studies questioning how far the colonial blueprint affects the relations between mainstream America and its Latin American neighbors.



Contributeurs :

Introduction
Susanne Berthier-Foglar and Paul Otto

Part I : Border History : Borders as International Affairs and Foreign Ancestors Becoming Americans

Imagination, Representation, and Reality in the Peopling of Anglo-American Texas : Stephen F. Austin as Visionary and Pragmatist
Gregg Cantrell

A Pleasurable Exertion : Writing an Immigrant Identity
Kathleen A. DeHaan

Remembering Immigration in the Rural Midwest after World War II
David Zwart

Part II : Moving Across Borders : Border Crossing Today

US Immigration Enforcement and the Making of Unintended Returnees
Oscar F. Gil-Garcia

Beyond Borders : Revisiting the Concept of ‘Frontier’ in the Age of Global Terrorism
Saïd Ouaked

The Conservative Discourse Behind the US–Mexico Border Wall vs. Co-operation for Cross-Border Regional Development
Hugo Rangel Torrijo

On immigration, life, identity
Interview of Yehuda Sharim by Susanne Berthier and Paul Otto

Part III : Cultural Mobility : Culture and Ethnic Borders

Being Arab-American : Stereotyping and Representation in Arabian Jazz
Sonia Farid

Dark Passages : African American World War II GIs, Blackness, and Border Town Life and Cultures in 1940s Southern Arizona
Robert F. Jefferson, Jr

Can the Undocumented Immigrant Speak ? Exploring Decolonial Thinking in Latinx Literature and Cinema
María Teresa DePaoli

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